There are many ways to prove that God exists. In my study of philosophy, I encountered the Quinque Viae of St. Thomas of Aquinas in which he argued that God exists by raising five points:

  1. The Argument of the Unmoved Mover
  2. The Argument of the Uncaused Cause
  3. The Argument from Contingency
  4. The Argument of Degree
  5. The Argument from Design

Each of these arguments presents a strong case for God’s existence. However, the language by which it was written and the faculty required for its understanding seems to be more confined to individuals who have a background in philosophy if not students of philosophy. The challenge then is for us seminarians who have taken up this course to explain this in vivid and simple terms as to be understandable to common folks. This is more so because in the first two arguments St. Thomas employed the metaphysical concept of act and potency. Despite these concepts bearing a seemingly heavy-duty tune, nevertheless it is not impossible to follow. The only remaining problem then is how to explain these concepts without getting lost in the overall flow of the argument. And this, even though I have taken up this course, I find as a continuous challenge. As our Professor Fr. Jag would use to tell us before, how can you explain to a fisherman, to a farmer, to a vendor who have not studied St. Thomas that God exists using his arguments? In that case, my initial concern would be how to screen off the technical terms without losing the content altogether. Secondarily, I would need to cite examples which these common folks could easily associate with, as for them examples explain more than words. That’s my contingency plan but thank God no one has asked me that question yet. But that event being possible, sooner or later I am sure someone would throw that question to me even unexpectedly.

But aside from St. Thomas’ arguments, I have found out another way to prove that God exists – simple yet vivid, at least to me. And, the most important thing – it’s mathematical. It starts with a simple mathematical equation even gradeshoolers know – 1+1=2. One added by one is always equal to two. One, being something, added by something would always result to two more things. The same goes for other equations – 3+3=6, 3 things added by 3 things would always result to 6 more things. Now, let’s consider this equation – 0+0=0. Simply, it means nothing added by nothing would always result to nothing. Here we go to the crux of our argument – scientists believe that the universe was produced through a Big Bang, so then we get the inference that before the Big Bang there was nothing. The universe actually started from nothing. Going back to our equation we then ask, how could nothing produce something? In more specific term, our question would be how could nobody added by nothing produce everything? In mathematical equation, our question is stated thus, 0+0=1? Does the universality of the equation 0+0=0 be relaxed at least in this case?

So let me conclude that something is necessary to produce something, we are not created by chance nor do we come out suddenly out of nothing. There must be somebody in the equation in order to have something as the result – and that somebody, we call God.



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